Moses tells the story of Abraham, Paul mentions Abraham several times, but did Jesus ever talk about Abraham? He does at length in John 8. Jesus is explaining that God the Father has sent him, yet the people do not listen to his words but instead do the will of their father, the devil. His Jewish audience insists their father is Abraham. Jesus says that if Abraham were their father they would do the things Abraham did, such as rejoice when he saw the Day of the Lord. Jesus contends they are not sons of Abraham.
Genetically speaking, the first century Jews were descendants of Abraham. A good Jew could trace his ancestry back to one of the 12 patriarchs. Jesus is talking about something else. Jesus is talking about faith. Abraham is the first person of faith described in the Bible (specifically Abram, in Genesis 15:6). Jesus is referring to the people of faith as the children of Abraham, as Paul does in Galatians 3:7. In Luke’s gospel Jesus says that God could make stones into the sons of Abraham if he wanted.
God made his covenant with Abraham before the Law was given. According to Paul in Galtians 3, 430 years before. Abraham’s faith made him righteous, 4 centuries before the Law was given to Moses. It is obviously faith that makes one right with God, not the Law. Paul is clear many times that the Law only makes us guilty. Read all of Galatians 3. The covenant of the Law could not supersede the covenant already made through Abraham. Paul contends that offspring doesn’t mean many (the citizens of Israel) but one, Jesus Christ. Jesus is the offspring (seed) of Abraham.
Jesus said that Abraham rejoiced to see his day. The Jews argued that Jesus was not even 50 years old and could not have been alive during the time of Abraham. Jesus’ reply? “Before Abraham was I am.” Then of course they tried to kill him.
Father Abraham had many sons,
Many sons had Father Abraham.
I am one of them, and so are you.
So let’s all praise the LORD.