Listen to this Bible Study:
The law is described as a shadow of things to come just as the setup and design of the tabernacle was patterned after the real holy places in which God dwells. The sacrifice must continually be offered and can never make those who draw near perfect. The very fact the offerings were repeated served as a reminder of sin because, as in Heb. 9, the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away sin. Treating a condition is not the same as a cure.
Compare what Christ says in verses 5 – 7 to Psalm 40:6. But he also adds to it, first quoting from the Psalm and then saying “I have come to do you will.” It is that will, verse 10 points out, by which we are sanctified once and for all through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ. His sacrifice, once and for all, accomplished what the old sacrifices made again and again could not do. Recall our discussion last week. Having completed his work, Christ sat down at the right hand of God. Verse 14 repeats that his work is done through a single sacrifice and verse 18 repeats that once sin is forgiven there is no longer any need for sacrifice.
The text then shifts back to how we enter the holy places of God through Jesus Christ, our great high priest, who has opened the curtain for us. This passage lists the things we as believers are to do be doing in the full assurance of faith; holding on to hope, stirring one another to good works, meeting together. This is the introduction to a longer discussion of faith that will continue in Hebrews 11, often cited as the Hall of Fame of Faith. Abraham believed God (Genesis 15:6) and it was counted to him as righteousness. Abraham is the first person identified in scripture as being made righteous by faith. That is a universal constant throughout scripture. What we believe and confess about God determines our standing in God’s grace.
“Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” quoted here and in Romans 12:16, is an Old Testament reference to Deuteronomy 32:35. “The Lord will judge his people” is the very next verse (Deut. 32:36). This is the Book of Hebrews, written to an audience that knew and understood the old covenant and held Moses and the law in high regard. The former covenant has been replaced by a better one but God Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, is the same and will continue to be faithful and just concerning his promises.
Have faith and preserve your soul. Hebrews 11 gives many examples of those who did exactly that.